West Austin is a National Register Historic District, positioned north of Lady Bird Lake and west of downtown. Established in 1853, the district is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city. Texas Governor Elisha Peace owned several plantations in the region which he later sold to former enslaved people who built homes there. The northern edge of West Austin was later named Clarksville in honor of Charles Clark, a freed slave who helped build the community.

Crowds gathering to swm at Deep Eddy Pool
Deep Eddy Pool. Courtesy of the Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,  C0 1786.

Today, the district contains nearly 106 blocks of residential and park land, located in Austin’s central business district. The area is composed of three main sections: Enfield, Pemberton Heights, and Bryker Woods. The Old West Austin historic district is also well-known for the preservation of its mid-20th century homes that directly reflect the city’s steady growth. The neighborhood is now home to some of the city’s most beautiful landscaping which makes for a perfect spot for visitors to explore.

Historic Neighborhoods
The Balcones Escarpment, a dramatic uplift that runs along the west side of downtown Austin, has long been a desirable place for homes, from antebellum plantations and freedman’s communities to showplaces for the wealthy of several generations. National Register Historic Neighborhoods Old West Austin, West Line and Clarksville contain more than 2,000 contributing properties.
Private residencies, viewable from the street. Approximate boundary: West Sixth Street to West 35th Street: Lamar Boulevard to MoPac.

Deep Eddy Pool
401 Deep Eddy Ave.
Just west of MoPac (Loop 1), Sixth Street becomes Lake Austin Boulevard, leading to a landmark swimming pool. Built in 1916 and spring-fed, it replaced a once-popular swimming pool hole in the Colorado River (now Lady Bird Lake). A 1935 Works Progress Administration project improved the pool and added a bathhouse. Eilers Park and the Lady Bird Lake trail adjoin the pool.

West 35th Street, west of MoPac, leads to four more historic sites:

Camp Mabry
2200 W. 35th St.
This 800-acre site has been a military center since 1892. The camp also houses the Texas Military Forces Museum in a 1918 building.

Betty and Edward Marcus Sculpture Park at Laguna Gloria
The Contemporary Austin - Betty and Edward Marcus Sculpture Park at Laguna Gloria. Photograph by Brian Fitzsimmons.

Laguna Gloria
3809 W 35th St.
The Contemporary Austin art museum makes its home in this 1916 Mediterranean villa. Its romantic setting makes it a popular place for wedding and parties.

Mayfield Park
3505 W. 35th St.
Adjacent to Laguna Gloria is a 23-acre nature preserve with wooded trails and a historic cottage

Mount Bonnell
3851 Mount Bonnell Rd.
The historic hilltop has magnificent view of Lake Austin and surrounding hills.

Learn more about historic Austin with our Guide to Historic Destinations in Austin or take a guided Downtown Walking Tour!

Contributed by Ivan Savinon, ACVB Marketing Communications Intern.